If you are thinking of investing in a business, don’t rule out the border control industry. Europe spent €17 billion on stopping immigration from 2014 to 2016 according to a report by the British think-tank Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
For ODI managing director Marta Foresti the principal change in strategy to arise from the immigration crisis of 2015, when a million would-be refugees entered Europe, is an economic one.
The enforced removal of some people from Britain on escorted chartered flights falls short of humane treatment, with some leaving the country in waist restraint belts or leg restraints almost as a default, according to an official watchdog.
The first annual report from the independent monitoring board covering charter flight deportations says that people being deported were generally treated fairly on Home Office charter flights but some aspects of their enforced removal fell short of providing basic dignity.
The board’s report on removals in 2016 highlighted the use of force or restraint, which in some cases “appears to be a hasty reaction to a mild statement to the escorts of unwillingness to leave”.